What is Orphism? The Modern Art Movement Explained

Delaunay-Terk was perhaps the most experimental of this group of artists. Her practice has branched out into stage design, fashion and clothing design, textile works, book illustration and printing. Much of his work contains vibrant, swirling forms.

Apollinaire was the champion of the movement. However, a little more than twenty years later, the eminent New York curator Alfred Barr claimed that Orphism led nowhere. Barr had attempted to map what he believed to be the major movements in modern art and their clear, linear relationships to each other. Orphism, according to Barr, was the only dead-end movement.

Today, art historians oppose this reductive way of thinking. It remains true, however, that Orphism was, and still is, difficult to situate in a neat and progressive history of art.

Even now, much of Delaunay’s practice is considered synonymous with Orphism. The artist made a deliberate attempt to distance himself from others working in Cubist modes, and this might explain why he clung so tightly to a method of painting and drawing that seemed to tire so many critics and other artists alike. .

Orphism was a short-lived movement, as were others that were identified at the time. The few artists involved in its exploration and dissemination only worked there between 1911 and the outbreak of World War I in 1914 – a series of catastrophic events that inspired, among other things, a major overhaul of institutions and artistic practices. Yet Delaunay continued to produce works exploring spheres, color, and non-figurative themes until his death in 1941.

Norma D. Ross